The Myth Of The Lost Cause: Why The South Fought The Civil War And Why The North Won Download Pdf
After the defeat of the South by the Union in the Civil War, many Southerners believed that the defeat was not the complete defeat of the South. The South had been humiliated. They believed that they were better soldiers than the Union armies. Unlike the Union, they would not release their slaves. A number of states seceded following the Union victory, and formed a new nation known as the Confederacy. The goal of the Confederacy was to preserve the honor and rights of the South, and thus protect the institution of slavery. If the North had won the war, slavery would have been abolished. This was the cause of the war, and the South believed they would have won a complete victory.
The myth considers the two main interpretations of the causes of the Civil War. One is economic failure. The other is political failure. The United States Government had doubled its total debt during the 1790s, and the economy stagnated. The government then tried to address the economic issues with a policy known as laissez-faire, or the free market, which is a particularly slippery phrase. The free market theory meant that government officials and bankers should not interfere with the free contract market. The American Industrial Revolution, which saw a rapid increase in manufacturing and new technologies such as the steam engine, used the free market to make steam-powered machinery. In this situation, the government encouraged emerging industries, since they would also promote quality and efficiency. In the South, there was no similar economic boom because the plantation system depended on slavery. There was a boom of slave labor producing cotton, but the South was not centrally located for raw materials or markets. The Southern economy stagnated. The free market, particularly in the South, did not work well.